UN, international agencies and experts released a ground-breaking report demanding immediate, coordinated and ambitious action to avert a potentially disastrous crisis.
The world is already feeling the economic and health consequences as crucial medicines become ineffective, claims the UN Interagency Coordinating Group (IACG) on Antimicrobial Resistance who released the report. Without investment from countries in all income brackets, future generations will face the disastrous impacts of uncontrolled antimicrobial resistance.
Concrete recommendations for industry, government and academia are outlined in the report – including increasing funding, prioritising action plans and researching new technologies. This extends to supporting awareness of the prudent use of antimicrobials by professionals in human, animal and plant health.
New Zealand needs to join the intensive efforts required to overcome resistance to vital medicines. Agcarm Chief Executive Mark Ross says that the report provides “succinct and somewhat sobering advice to preserve our country’s food, farming and trade”.
“Resistance is not only a human health issue, it affects animals, plants, food and the environment,” he says. Antimicrobials are used to treat a variety of bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic diseases – for people, animals and plants.
An Antibiotic Sales Analysis report, released by the Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) in November 2018, suggests that prudent use of antibiotics and good antibiotic stewardship is occurring in New Zealand. This is demonstrated by a reduction in the use of antibiotics that are considered to be critically important to human health, in proportion to increasing animal numbers.
Although New Zealand is a low user of antimicrobials and antibiotics in animals, it’s critical that our government support MPI to make this a priority,” says Ross.
“It will be disappointing if there is no Government funding dedicated to MPI for antimicrobial resistance management, surveillance and research within New Zealand in the upcoming 2019 budget. “We are at a critical point in facing this global challenge to public health, animal health and welfare, and food security. We must all play our part in maintaining access to and efficacy of these essential medicines,” adds Ross.
Antibiotics must be part of a broader approach to managing disease – including good animal husbandry, biosecurity and preventative health programmes such as vaccinations – to reduce the need for antibiotics.
“Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest threats we face as a global community. This report reflects the depth and scope of the response needed to curb its rise and protect a century of progress in health,” says UN Deputy Secretary-General and Co-Chair of the IACG, Ms Amina Mohammed. “It rightly emphasises that there is no time to wait and I urge all stakeholders to act on its recommendations and work urgently to protect our people and planet and secure a sustainable future for all.”